The new local census of wild tigers in India, published this week, cannot be more encouraging. Its population today is 30% higher than just four years ago. Even so, human activity is about to kill the biggest cat in the world, capable of reaching 300 kilograms. There are only a few thousand left in the wild, which puts this species on the brink of extinction.
India is the nation with the largest population of wild tigers. The census, conducted in 2018, determined to have 2,967 tighers, compared with 2,226 in the previous computation of 2014. “This is a historic achievement for India, and we are reaffirming our commitment to protect the tiger,” said the first Minister of India, Narendra Modi, presenting the results of the so-called Estimation Report of all tigers of India 2018, in New Delhi.
In 1900, the planet had more than 100,000 wild tigers approximately, but its population has fallen to historic lows and three subspecies have disappeared completely. Earlier this century, at a summit in Russia, India and the leaders of 12 other countries with tigers pledged to double their population by 2022. Between 2010 and 2014, the population also grew by around 30%. “Fifteen years ago there were serious concerns about the decline of the tiger population and it was a great challenge for us, but with determination, we reached our goals,” Mondi said.
This nation of 1.3 billion people has the habit of counting its tigers every four years. For this last exercise, the researchers placed 26,000 cameras in areas where the presence of tigers is known. Subsequently, the software reviewed the 350,000 images taken to identify each animal. From the foothills of the Himalayas to remote areas of the northeast through the plains of the north of the country, India has about fifty reserves to preserve the animal.